Your Rose Gardening Guide

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Rose Gardening Article

Planting Roses

This has been written with the intention of showing some illumination to the meaning of rose gardening and planting roses. This is so that those who donít know much about rose gardening can learn more about it.

You have chosen the location for your rose bed and decided which varieties you want. Before selecting and ordering your roses, protect your investment by learning how and when to put the garden in.

The first consideration is to test your soil.

This can be done by buying kits that are available locally or through the internet. The most important and basic test must be for pH.

Acid soils are those with a pH of less than 7, and alkaline soils are those with a pH above 7.

You however, are looking for a number that falls around the middle of the scale, as most plants will not tolerate a soil with extremes in pH.

Nitrogen, phosphorous, and potassium become trapped in soils that are very acidic or very alkaline and all three are essential to your rosesí ability to grow and produce flowers.

Once you have completed you soil test, take the results to your local nursery. They already have an idea of what kind of soil your area has and can suggest compounds to add to the flower bed while tilling the garden.

Once the soil is corrected, tilled, and the garden ready to go you may buy your roses. Early spring is the time to plant, but the meaning of early spring changes from zone to zone. The best bet is to check with a local, well respected nursery. When your local nurseries have the rose plants available for sale, then the time is usually dead on for planting.

You may buy roses as either bare root dormant plants or container grown plants.

You may order bare root plants from a mail order company, but make sure the plants are a number one grade. These plants have 3 or more large, healthy canes that will grow faster and produce more blooms the first season than a number 1 Ĺ or a number 2 grade plant.

If you are purchasing bare root plants from a local nursery, choose strong, healthy, dormant plants and avoid plants with long new shoots. Bare root plants that are actively growing are more difficult to establish in your garden.

If you have tilled the entire area, planting is straightforward and simple.

First soak the roots in a pail of water several minutes and cut off all broken and bruised root ends. Do not leave the plants lying around while waiting their turn to be planted.

The root fibers dry up quickly and perish when exposed to the air even for a short time. Keep the roots protected by covering them with soil or compost.

The main idea to bear in mind is to dig each hole large enough for the roots to be spread out and plant them with the bud union approximately one inch below the surface of the ground.

Remember not to plant your roses too deep or you will suffocate them. Add soil until the hole is three-fourths full. Then, thoroughly water the plant and allow it to soak into the soil. Later, finish filling the hole and water again. Finally make the soil firm around the roots.

As an added measure of security, you may want to mound soil over the dormant canes to prevent the canes from drying out. Leave the soil in place until new growth has started and the plant seems stable. Remove the extra soil carefully to prevent damage to the new growth.

Container grown or potted roses have a longer planting season than dormant plants. Container grown roses can be planted from spring to fall. However, wait until the danger of frost is past when planting actively growing plants in the spring.

Potted roses are planted basically the same way as bare root roses. Simply remove the bottom of the pot and then place the rose in the prepared hole.

At this point, remove the sides of the pot while trying not to disturb the soil ball. Fill the hole with soil and water the plant thoroughly. You do not need to mound actively growing roses.

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